The Asia Pacific Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development (APMCHUD) is an inter-governmental mechanism for collaboration and cooperation in the field of housing and urban development among the Asia Pacific countries. Established under the aegis and support of UN-Habitat, APMCHUD is a consultative mechanism on the promotion of sustainable development of Housing and urban Development in the Asia-Pacific Region. APMCHUD is composed of the Biennial Ministerial Conference, the Bureau and the Secretariat. APMCHUD is represented by the Hon’ble Ministers of Housing and Urban Development of the Asia Pacific countries.
The Bureau of APMCHUD elected by the Biennial Conference of Ministers responsible for Housing and Urban development holds office until the next Conference. The permanent Secretariat of APMCHUD is hosted by India in New Delhi. Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA), Government of India is the nodal Ministry and Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO) is the nodal institution on behalf of the MoHUPA. APMCHUD has been playing a major role in articulating the views of countries of the Asia Pacific Region in various forums on issues relating to housing and urban development. In the context of the Habitat III New Urban Agenda, the countries of Asia Pacific region would have a significant role to play in taking the agenda forward by successfully implementing the agenda for sustainable housing and urban development. The issues of improving the quality of life of citizens by provision of, as well as improved access to, services and livelihood opportunities for all sections of population, development of appropriate planning responses and methodologies for promoting disaster resilient human settlements in the context of natural as well as climate change related disasters, placing human settlement development at the centre of development paradigm, etc would all require collective, collaborative and co-operative efforts for identifying, adopting and adapting sustainable solutions among the countries of Asia Pacific region. In this context, as an inter-governmental mechanism, the APMCHUD would play a more important, more critical and more active role in the years to come for facilitating sustainable development of human settlements in the Asia Pacific region.
The 1st APMCHUD was held in New Delhi, India from 13th -16th December, 2006 on the theme of ‘A Vision for Sustainable Urbanization in the Asia-Pacific by 2020’. The Conference deliberated on housing and human settlements issues with an objective to identify strategies to manage urbanization and promote urban research in the Asia Pacific countries. The Conference deliberated on 4 major aspects, namely pro-poor urban governance and planning, delivery of MDGs for water and sanitation, slum upgrading and financing sustainable urbanization. The Conference evolved an ‘Enhanced Framework of Implementation for Sustainable Urbanisation in Asia-Pacific’ and through the Delhi Declaration resolved to establish APMCHUD, the Bureau and the Secretariat.
The 2nd APMCHUD was held in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, from 12th – 14th May, 2008 on the theme of ‘Sustainable Urban Development : Associating Growth with Equity and Identity’. The main objectives of the conference were exchange of viewpoints on policies and strategies for sustainable urban development with a focus on the goals of the Millennium Declaration. The focus was on issues as prevention of expansion of urban residents living in slums while trying to encourage regional and international partnership in support of the poor and the fight against urban poverty. Pronouncing the Tehran Declaration, the Conference formulated an Action Plan for Regional Cooperation on promoting Sustainable Urban Development among Asia-Pacific Countries, focussing inter-alia on the aspects of urban and rural planning and management, urban slums upgrading, delivery of Millennium Development Goals for water and sanitation, financing sustainable housing – enhancing affordability and quality of low income housing, and development of sustainable urbanization with a focus on natural disasters.
The 3rd APMCHUD was held in Solo, Republic of Indonesia, from 22nd – 24th June, 2010 on the theme of ‘Empowering Communities for Sustainable Urbanization’. The objective of the conference was to address the challenges of housing and urbanization in Asia and the Pacific. In support of the theme of the conference, 5 working groups focussed on critical aspects namely community participation in planning and governance, participatory slum upgrading, delivery of MDGs for water and sanitation, financing sustainable housing and urban development, and role of communities in addressing climate change. The Solo Declaration resolved to continue the activities of 5 working groups, which is to be hosted by volunteer member countries, and the five working groups to comprise on the themes of urban and rural planning and management, upgrading of slum and informal settlements, delivery of MDGs for water and sanitation, financing sustainable housing, and urban development with a focus on natural disasters. The Conference also evolved the Solo Implementation Plan enlisting actions on the themes focussed in the conference.
The 4th APMCHUD was held in Amman, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan during 10th – 12th December, 2012. The theme of the conference was ‘Youth and IT in Sustainable Urban Development’. The conference identified sub-themes in relation to the conference theme of Youth and IT in Sustainable Urban Development for intense deliberations. The working group themes and respective sub-themes have been urban and rural planning and management with a sub-theme of Youth & IT, upgrading of slums and informal settlements with a sub-theme of livelihood opportunities for youth, delivery of basic services with sub-theme of youth involvement and use of IT in urban basic services, financing sustainable housing with a sub-theme of opportunities for financing youth-led development, and urban development with a focus on natural and climate change related disasters with a sub-theme of youth as city changers for prosperous cities. The Amman Declaration and Amman Implementation Plan identified actions on the focus areas deliberated in the conference.
The 5th APMCHUD was held in Seoul, Republic of Korea during 3rd–5th November, 2014. The theme of the conference was ‘Equal Opportunity for Sustainable Development’. The conference pronounced the Seoul Declaration which inter-alia resolved to continue with the working groups with appropriate sub-themes in relation to the theme of the conference. The working group themes and respective sub-themes were urban and rural planning and management with a sub-theme of inclusive urban planning, upgrading of slums and informal settlements with a sub-theme of upgrading slums towards equal opportunity for the underprivileged, delivery of basic services with a sub-theme of inclusive technology for the delivery of basic services, financing sustainable housing with a sub-theme of housing finance for equal opportunity, and urban development with a focus on natural and climate change related disasters with a sub-theme of urban development for equal opportunity responding to natural and climate change related disasters. The Seoul Declaration and Implementation Plan outlined actions to address the challenges of and to explore opportunities for sustainable housing and urbanization in Asia and the Pacific.